All About CBDs
What is CBD and Where Does it Come From:
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 60+ naturally occurring cannabinoid compounds found in cannabis and is extracted mainly from agricultural hemp. CBD is the most abundant non-psychoactive (it WON’T get you high) cannabinoid found in cannabis, commonly consumed to support overall health and wellness. CBD also occurs in much lesser amounts in hemp’s cannabis cousin, marijuana, which is cultivated for its high THC content (DOES get you high). Hemp is a legal plant that the USDA defines as any Cannabis sativa L. variety containing THC concentrations of no more than 0.3%.
Until recently, delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, was the most well-known and studied cannabinoid due to its abundance in marijuana. However, CBD has been gaining momentum in the scientific community and in the media. Cannabidiol’s formula is C21H30O2 and it has a molecular mass of 314.4636. While the term ‘cannabis’ is the scientific genus name for both industrial hemp and marijuana, there are important genetic and legal differences between the two.
Our CBD extracts are derived from legally cultivated Cannabis Sativa L. hemp plants (not marijuana), from organic cultivars. Our manufacturer carefully selects their cultivars and each crop is rigorously tested for safety, quality, and cannabinoid content. Our manufacturer uses ethanol/alcohol to extract our products, the most historically used method for cannabis/hemp extracts. It is a clean and cold extraction method that allows for optimal retention of terpenes and other sensitive compounds. They also employ low-temperature and relatively low-pressure CO2 extractions for some of our products. For the CBD isolate and CBD vape products, further processing is required to obtain the purity level achieved.
CBD Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil:
CBD oil is a term widely used to describe a cannabis oil that contains significant amounts of cannabidiol (CBD). However, CBD is not the only constituent nor the only important constituent as research shows that there is greater efficacy when consuming whole-plant elements as these compounds work together. CBD oil is very different from hemp seed oil and organic hemp oil, as these are derived from hemp seeds(not the resin and all parts of the plant like CBD oil is). Hemp seed oil and organic hemp oil also DO NOT contain the highly beneficial Cannabidiol (CBD). Look for labelling confirming how many mg of CBD is present and review quality control process to be confident about what you are buying. We carry two strengths of CBD oil, 250+mg/fl oz and 1500mg/fl oz.
Full-spectrum vs. isolates:
It was previously believed that CBD in its isolated form was more potent and concentrated than full spectrum CBD; however, in 2015, the theory was debunked by a study from the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology in Jerusalem. In this study, researchers administered full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate to two different groups of mice. When comparing the data of the two groups, the results proved that the group administered with full spectrum CBD were provided with higher levels of relief. Furthermore, the study demonstrated that full spectrum CBD continued to provide relief as the dose increased, while CBD Isolate did not provide the same effect when there was an increase in dosage.
While there is definitely a wider range of full spectrum CBD benefits than CBD isolate benefits, it does not discredit the effectiveness of CBD Isolate. There are a wide variety of situations when CBD isolate would be preferred over Full Spectrum CBD. For example, you may not necessarily need the full capabilities of Full Spectrum CBD, or if you aren’t legally allowed to use even trace amounts of THC and don’t want to risk the isolated chance of testing positive on a random drug test. Milligram for milligram, isolates are normally a little less expensive than full spectrum, however, studies suggest higher doses may be needed. Our recommendation is that you experiment with both, as well as with dosage, to identify the best fit for you and what you are trying to achieve.
As researchers continue to study the marijuana plant, we will learn more and more about these amazing cannabinoids and what they can do for us. If you’d like to view current research on how CBD and the other cannabinoids benefit different conditions, visit this repository of medical research that covers over 50 medical conditions: click here.
We offer both full spectrum CBD oil as well as isolate crystals that you can mix with a carrier oil yourself and take sublingually. Our full spectrum CBD oil has CBD in abundance, but it also contains other naturally occurring cannabinoids from agricultural hemp including CBG, CBN, CBC, CBD, CBG-A, CBC-A, and dozens of others, as well as other nutritional constituents such as terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, fatty acids, trace minerals, and proteins. Many CBD oils on the market today may contain only isolated/synthetic CBD in a base oil, but our products are guaranteed to contain not only naturally occurring biological CBD, but also over 80 naturally occurring cannabinoids and hundreds of other constituents.
Sublingual vs. Vaping vs. ingesting:
Because our hemp extract is a natural supplement that comes from a plant, it has a taste that some consider to be unpleasant. While many of our customers don’t mind the flavor, some would rather find a way to mask it, or may chose a different delivery system that does not result in experiencing the bitter taste. Those options include vaping or ingesting capsules, or even using the oil in salad dressings and low heat food preparation. Various studies indicate that ingesting CBD results in potentially lower bioavailability but that margin may be fairly small. These same studies suggest that vaping results in a more immediate effect and may be more appropriate if you need a fast acting therapy, while sublingual delivery system appears to last longer than the effects of vaping.
How it works in our bodies:
CBD primarily interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a grouping of millions of cannabinoid receptors found throughout your body, but are primarily clustered in the brain and central nervous system. While CBD is a phytocannabinoid, or plant-based cannabinoid, your body also naturally produces cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. Almost every organ of your body, including your skin and digestive tract, contains cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system has four primary purposes including neuroprotection, stress relief, immune response, and regulating the body’s general state of balance, impacting faculties such as appetite, sleep, mood, and pain.
Unlike THC, CBD does not interact directly with the two classical cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). This is why CBD does not cause any psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD inhibits the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in your body’s naturally-produced cannabinoids. So basically CBD has the effect of helping your body help itself.
Is CBD legal:
Due to research suggesting CBD’s ability to naturally treat dozens of chronic conditions, the demand for Cannabidiol (CBD) has skyrocketed. As the popularity of the hemp-derived compound has begun to shift, so has the acceptance in many states across America. While we are definitely moving in the right direction, the legality of CBD as a whole is still very unclear due to different laws in different states, and even different laws at state and federal level. Because of this, many are deterred from using CBD, and instead of gaining the benefits of CBD, they’re stuck wondering: “Is CBD legal?”
To answer this question, it’s not exactly straightforward. While it’s true that CBD is legal in all 50 states, there are situations when it isn’t legal. The difference between legal and illegal typically depends on several important factors determined by the state in question. There is, however, one very important factor that is a crucial determinant across all states, and that is where the CBD is derived from–hemp or marijuana.
Now, marijuana and hemp are both members of the cannabis family, so they do share a lot of characteristics. There is, however, a crucial difference between the two–the amount of psychoactive Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) each plant produces. While marijuana can contain up to 30% THC, hemp contains no more than 0.3% THC. In other words, marijuana can get you really high, while hemp has such a low amount of THC, that it would be impossible to get high off it. Because our extracts come from hemp instead of marijuana, we can and do ship nationwide, and no medical marijuana card is needed, however, you are responsible for ensuring there are no restrictions for particular jurisdictions.
What’s in Our CBD Oils (And What’s Not):
Our Colorado derived hemp extracts contain over 80 different phyto-cannabinoids. The primary phyto-cannabinoid highlighted in our products is CBD. CBD is an active phyto-cannabinoid in hemp and is also the most abundant, at 40% of the extract’s make-up. Phyto-cannabinoids are produced in hemp plants through biosynthesis. In addition to CBD, three other significant phyto-cannabinoids in our products are Cannabichromene (CBC), Cannabigerol (CBG), and Cannabinol (CBN). Each of these are non-psychoactive and closely related to CBD.
Cannabigerol: When olivetolic acid and Geranyl pyrophosphate combine in the plants, they produce cannabigerolic acid. Many cannabinoids are made from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). CBG, one of the phyto-cannabinoids found in our extracts, is essentially the same as CBGA, but in non-acidic form. It can be extremely difficult to extract CBG because most varieties of cannabis plants convert CBG into THC or CBD by the time the plant is mature for harvest. We are strive to offer hemp extracts that are endowed with CBG components.
Cannabichromene: CBC, another phyto-cannabinoid found in our products, is produced over time within hemp plants when CBGA and the CBCA enzyme synthesize to create CBCA, an acidic form of CBC.
Cannabinol: Unlike CBC, CBN is not derived from CBGA. Instead, it is formed in hemp plants when an acid called CBNA undergoes decarboxylation.
In addition to phyto-cannabinoids, our extracts are composed of other naturally occurring molecules such as:
•Vitamins (including B1, B2, B6, D)
•Fatty acids (including omega 3 & 6)
•Trace minerals (including iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium)
Either virgin olive oil or cold-pressed organic hempseed oil
Other ingredients: NONE!